Family of four riding bicycles down an open tree-lined street

There’s nothing like the rush of riding a bicycle—it’s pure freedom on two wheels. I bought my first adult bike in my early 20s, and in the two-plus decades since, being a cyclist has brought me tremendous joy. Not only is it a ton of fun, but it also improves my fitness, clears my mind after a stressful day and brings me closer to my family when we hit the trails together.

Choosing the right bike for you and your kids can feel downright daunting, though. With so many different types of bikes out there, it’s tough to know where to even start.

But don’t worry, with this complete guide to biking you and your family will be hitting the weekend trails in no time. I’ll answer questions that’ll make your search easier and give you the boost you need to get things rolling. Whether you want to keep your biking simple or nerd out with all the (actual) bells and whistles, this guide covers it all.

1. How do I choose what type of bike I need?

The quickest way to fast-track your search for the right bike is to ask yourself, “Where will my family want to ride?”

For a leisurely after-dinner outing with the fam, for example, consider a cruiser.

If you enjoy riding on mountain bike trails but also want to be able to zip down to the corner store on your bike, a hybrid bike might be your best choice.

Or maybe you’ve had it with getting elbowed in the ribs and are ready to trade public transit for toned calves. A city bike could be your ticket to freedom.

And if your little one is ready to roll (even if you’re not so sure), it’s time to consider getting them a kid’s bike.

Bike types Best for
Road bikes (including racing bikes, fixed gear bikes) Riding on smooth surfaces like pavement. These models are great if you’re a confident bike commuter, are riding for fitness or have a need for speed.
Mountain bikes (including BMX bikes) Riding over uneven surfaces such as outdoor mountain bike trails or gravel. These bikes are perfect if you’re primarily a trail rider or want to catch air at the bike park.
Hybrid bikes Riding just about anywhere—from hard surfaces like concrete to softer offroad surfaces. These bikes are great if you need it to do double duty, such as riding through park trails with the kids but also hitting the pavement and getting you to work.
Cruiser bikes Riding the city roads or streets. Cruisers are ideal if you take short rides to work or around the city, or for touring the neighbourhood for fitness or family fun.
Specialty bikes (including folding bikes, electric bikes, adult tricycles) When you have a specific need. For example, you need a bike that you can tuck away on a commuter train (folding bikes), want a power boost on a hilly route (electric bikes), or need more stability (adult tricycles).

2. What are the different types of bikes?

Let’s explore the various types of bikes and their features a little deeper:

Road Bikes

Types of bikes buying guide - green and white road bike

Road bikes are built to give you a smooth, speedy ride, which is why they’re also sometimes called racing bikes. They’re light, sleek and best for riders who want to go fast or ride long distances.

They have narrow tires, a small seat and usually feature a drop bar handlebar (the kind that looks like a backward “C”). You ride these bikes in a bent-over position, which can take some getting used to. Shop road bikes on

Mountain Bikes

Types of bikes buying guide - black, red and white mountain bike

Mountain bikes have deep-grooved tires that give you lots of grabbing power on dirt trails and gravel. They’re durable, with wide, flat handlebars that make it easier to steer on narrow trails.

Mountain bikes also come with suspension, so you feel less of a jolt when you’re riding over bumps. Some offer front suspension, while others, like this Hyper Bicycles Bear Mountain bike, offer it on both the front and back ends. Shop mountain bikes on

Hybrid Bikes

Types of bikes buying guide - red hybrid bike

Hybrid bikes are like that one friend who always seems happy—they can deal with whatever (riding surface) gets thrown at them. They’re on the lighter side and have mid-sized tires that can handle both pavement and natural surfaces. They come with a flat handlebar so you’re sitting in an upright position, to help you keep an eye on traffic. Shop hybrid bikes on

City Bikes

City bikes have flat or gently curved handlebars to keep you sitting up tall, and a comfortable, medium-sized seat. They often come with the extras you need to safely navigate the streets, such as a bell for reminding cars to share the road, and fenders so you don’t arrive at work with mud splashed up your back. Shop city bikes on

Fixed Gear Bikes

Types of bikes buying guide - black and white fixed gear bike

Fixed gear bikes, a.k.a. fixies, are the ride of choice for anyone who wants a low-maintenance ride. They only have one “fixed” gear, so you don’t have to fuss around with switching gears—but that also means you don’t get much help on the hills. These bikes are lightweight (good for carrying up a set of stairs if you need to) and have a look that’s similar to racing bikes, like this zippy ride, the Fix x1 by Columbia. Shop fixed gear bikes on

Cruiser Bikes

Types of bikes buying guide - purple and white cruiser bike

Cruiser bikes are the cycling equivalent of the old recliner your dad watches sports in—built for comfort and made to last. They have larger tires, a big, cushiony seat and wide, curved handlebars to keep you upright.

They often have low frames that are easy to step over, and very simple coaster brakes (the kind you push backward on). Much like that recliner, these bikes can be on the heavier side. Shop cruiser bikes on

Adult Tricycles

Types of bikes buying guide - red and white adult tricycle

Adult tricycles have a lot in common with cruiser bikes, other than that third wheel (very welcome is this case!), which limits the risk of falling for those who are relearning to ride or need balance support.

They typically come with a large, heavy-duty basket between the back wheels, making them great grocery-getters. This Huffy Express tricycle is super comfortable and a lot of fun. Shop adult tricycles on

Electric Bikes

Types of bikes buying guide - black and blue electric bike

Electric bikes, or e-bikes, are any type of bike that has the addition of a small electric motor to help make it easier to pedal. They make riding accessible for many people, no matter their fitness level, and could be a good choice if your commute includes a lot of hills.

The battery on an electric bike needs charging, which makes this Hyper Electric a good choice, since it can travel up to 32 km (20 miles) on one charge. Shop electric bikes on

Folding Bikes

Folding bikes can be folded up and put into a carrying bag, so you can tuck it away on a commuter train and then cycle from the station to the office, for example.

They can also be a good option if you have limited storage and don’t want to leave your bike locked up outside. Shop folding bikes on

3. What's the difference between men's bikes and women's?

Typically, a bike that’s labelled a women’s bike will be designed with shorter distances from the bottom of the frame to the bicycle seat, and from the seat to the handles. It might have a narrower set of handlebars, too, which could be an important consideration if you have small shoulders. Some “women’s bikes” will also have a step-through frame, which means that the top bar is angled downwards rather than straight across. (This design originated when women riders often wore long skirts, so that they could easily cross their legs over the bar when mounting or dismounting.) Ultimately, if the bike fits your frame and you like how it rides, it doesn’t matter how it’s classified.

4. How much does a bike cost?

Knowing where you want to ride, how often, and what bike features are important to you will make it easier to decide how much you want to spend. As with most purchases, consider your budget and buy the bike that best suits your needs.

If you’re going to be riding only very occasionally, you can probably find an adult bike that meets your needs for around $200 or less. At this price range, it’s a good idea to find a bicycle shop to assemble the bike (if necessary) and set it up, so you get the best fit and most comfortable ride possible. A knowledgeable bike mechanic can also give you the confidence of knowing that everything is working as it should be.

If you’ll be riding the bike nearly every day, you should be able to find a bike that lasts for between $300-$1,000. Be sure to do your research and spend time making sure the bike fits both your needs and your body. Bikes at higher price ranges will offer better-quality suspension, high-tech brakes (e.g., disc brakes) or a considerably lighter frame.

With kids’ bikes, good-quality ones are around $150 but can go as low as $100. Kids outgrow their wheels rather quickly, so I suggest figuring out your “good enough” price and set that as your budget.

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Money-Saving Tip
The simplest way to keep the cost of owning a bike low is to commit to regular maintenance, such as keeping the chains lubricated and the tires pumped. A tune-up is a smart move in the spring or any time a bike hasn’t been ridden in a long time.

5. What size bike should I buy?

When you straddle the bike, there should be a gap of at least a few centimetres between you and the frame. If you’re sitting on the seat, you might have to tilt the bike to the side slightly to plant your foot on the ground, but you shouldn’t be so high up that you feel like you’ll fall over. When your feet are on the pedals, your leg should have a slight bend at the knee when your foot is at the lowest point in the circle.

6. How many gears do I need on my bike?

The number of gears a bike has is an important consideration when buying a bike. Once upon a time, a 10-speed bike was a kid’s wildest dream. Now plenty of bikes come with 27 or more speeds—a.k.a. gears—to shift through. Do you really need all those gears?

The more gears a bike has, the more flexibility you’ll have when riding. You can shift to a lower gear to make a hill climb easier, or shift up to pick up speed on a flat road or downhill. Having tons of gears won’t automatically make you faster, just more efficient.

7. Do I need to test-ride before I buy?

You wouldn’t buy the first jeans you try on, so why would you spend less time on a new bike? Try to test-ride at least a couple of bikes, even if you’re just trying out your friend’s sweet new ride. Better yet, head to a bicycle shop and give them the low-down on what you’re looking for. They should be able to help you with sizing and suggest a few brands in your price range for you to consider.

Once you find something you like, take it out for a 10-15 minute ride. Find a hill. Ride over bumps and uneven surfaces. Shift through all the gears. How do your shoulders feel? What about your backside? Do you like the handlebars and the position your body is in? Can you easily work the brakes and gear shifters?

At the very least, a test ride should help you find a starting point for frame size and the kind of seat and handlebar you prefer.

8. What bicycle accessories do I need?

Before you get rolling, there are few extras that shouldn’t be overlooked. Yes, it’s hard on the hairdo, but a bicycle helmet is a no-brainer for, well, your brain. It’s also required by law for children under 18 in many provinces, and in some, the law extends to all ages[1]. Keep in mind that there are adult helmets (that tend to prioritize airflow and comfort) and kids’ helmets (that emphasize safety, with a wider protection area).

The airflow on this Bell Sports Cadence adult helmet is great for keeping your cool. They also have stylish bike helmets for kids, like this Bell Sports Blast one.

If you live in a city, a high-quality bike lock is a crucial investment. And for bikes with tires (um, all of them!), you’ll want a bicycle pump—ideally one with a pressure gauge, like this Air Attack 650 pump. Add a bottle of chain lubricant and you’re all set.

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Safety Tip
Before using a bike pump, check your tires to see what pressure is needed. The recommended tire pressure is printed in raised lettering on your tire. You can measure your tire’s current pressure by using a tire pressure gauge. After pumping air into your bike’s tires, make sure to confirm the pressure is correct by using your gauge.

There are other add-ons for your bike that are like sprinkles on your ice cream—they make a great thing even better. A bike bell that you can ring while still holding onto the handlebars is key on city streets. Fenders keep the rain and mud off your clothes.

If you’ll be riding after dark, invest in bicycle lights—this Lumina 750 set includes both front and back lights. Bike baskets and carriers can avoid unsightly backpack sweats; some are even designed to keep your phone right under your nose, like this Stowaway 450 Top Tube bike bag. Biking gloves, a water bottle and cycling glasses are also great extras if you plan on doing longer rides.

Young families might also want a child carrier or child’s bike seat, so even the littlest ones can join in on the fun. This Smooth Sailer trailer can hold two kids with a weight capacity of up to 100 lb.

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Shopping Tip
The cost of a sturdy bike lock might surprise you. It’s a smart idea to check prices before you buy a bike, particularly if you’ll be parking it in a busy spot so you can factor that cost into your budget. Finding your bike missing is no way to end your workday.

9. What are the main parts of a bike?

You can leave the finer details to the fanatics, but it’s helpful to know a few key parts of your bike so you can describe a problem at the repair shop.

  • Frame: The frame of the bike is what everything else attaches to. It’s usually made of metal, often aluminum, or carbon fibre on more expensive bikes.
  • Wheel: The parts of a bicycle wheel include the rubber tire, the hard rim on which the tire sits and the spokes that fan out from the centre hub to the rim.
  • Suspension: The suspension is the shocks of the bike, which cushion you from bumps or jolts.
  • Seat: The bicycle seat (or the saddle, if you’re fancy) is where your backside goes.
  • Drivetrain: The drivetrain is the mechanism that allows you to change gears and translate your pedal power into moving the bike.
  • Shifters: Shifters are attached to your handlebars and allow you to change gears.
  • Brakes: The most common types of brakes are coaster (when you push backward on the pedals) and rim (brake pads activated by hand levers apply pressure to the wheels’ rims).
  • Pedals: Pedals can be simple and flat, but some include toe clips that secure your shoes to the pedal—not for the faint of heart.

10. How can I research the best bikes?

A great starting point for your research is asking friends and family about their favourite styles or brands of bikes—a quick post on social media can give you all kinds of helpful ideas. You can also ask questions on bike forums—three of our favourites include, and Mountain Bike Reviews. Another place to get advice is local bike groups on Facebook, such as Cycle Toronto or Ottawa Mountain Biking.

I suggest finding an online retailer you trust and see what they offer. Online reviews can give you additional insight (but remember to use your own judgment). Visit a few bike shops if you can and ask a lot of questions. Again, get recommendations for good shops in your area. If you visit a store and don’t feel welcome, don’t stay. You should never feel like you’re trying to join a secret society. Riding a bike is for everyone.

Finding the right bike can take time, but you shouldn’t feel like you’re spinning your wheels. Once you’ve done your research and narrowed down your search, find a retailer you trust and make sure it has a return policy, just in case. That way, you have plenty of time to give your bike a proper tryout and to make sure that everything is working properly.

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Shopping Tip
Canadian moms are lucky to have their pick of bike retailers that stand behind their products, including Walmart Canada. Their 120-day return policy on bikes means you don’t need to worry that you’ll be stuck with a bicycle you don’t absolutely love. Plus, you can return in-store at locations across Canada, even if you bought your bike online.

You’re now ready to hit the ground rolling on your search for the perfect bike, paving the way for a healthier, happier you.

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